Ebola is the “plague of the modern era”. But Ebola is as dangerous and there is really what protection against infection? These questions are answered below.
Ebola is a viral disease and a zoonosis. This means that the disease is transmitted from animals to humans. Bats in the southern Sahara carry the virus, but the disease itself usually only slightly. And apes may become infected. It is believed that the infected monkeys ate fruit for which the bats had contact. People also stuck at in this way, or through the consumption of diseased animals. Person to person transmission of the often-fatal disease is only possible via body fluids. Most infections from person to person via direct contact with the deceased who are highly infectious. There are five types of Ebola, where mortality is different high.
What are the symptoms have Ebola go?
According to infection is the first symptoms within 2-21 days. Average ill infected after about a week. Before symptoms occur Ebola is deemed not contagious. The symptoms are:
Diarrhea and vomiting (severe)
Blood in the urine
Blood in the stool
Ebola hemorrhagic fever is accompanied by and affects adjacent to the immune system and the kidneys and liver. As a result, blood coagulation is disturbed, also the blood pressure drops sharply.
Effective protection against Ebola.
While it is almost impossible in West Africa, according to the current state of scientific knowledge to protect themselves from infection, the danger outside the crisis region of very low . At risk are doctors and nurses who have contact with patients being treated in some cases in US. The problem is the contaminated coveralls. Pulling out is also so complicated because the expert must not touch the outer shell. This also applies to the gloves. Here is an infection via the mucous membranes of the eyes is possible. The most important precautions when in contact with infected people:
Protective suit with rubber boots
Avoid contaminated materials
Extreme care when removing overalls
Disinfecting material with concentrated chlorine solution
Ebola takes untreated fatal. The chance of survival increases significantly with the quality of treatment. Above all, the massive loss of electrolyte by the strong diarrhea and vomiting as well as the continued strong drop in blood pressure are life-threatening and must be stopped. A vaccine is not yet possible. Medications for direct treatment are not available.