Lyme disease is a serious disease that can be transmitted by insects and spiders. Who is alert and well informed, can reduce the risk but significantly minimize and protect their own families.
Lyme disease is an umbrella term for all diseases caused by spiral bacteria (Borrelia) are triggered. Not all are known. The Lyme disease does not exist then, and unfortunately the tick is not the only carriers of the disease. On the list of hosts and the brake is because her trunk is large enough to allow the bacteria to pass, and many other insects and spiders that bite or sting, including wasps and fleas. Lyme disease are multi-organ disease. So you can run totally different and are therefore difficult to diagnose. The most important reasons for misdiagnosis is common:
Borrelia migrate to other tissues (detection difficult in the blood)
Pathogens can disguise themselves, change their appearance
Symptoms always fit other diseases
Different disease stages.
The earlier a disease is diagnosed, the faster you can use the antibiotic treatment. The disease progresses through stages, so the episodes are signs of infection.
Stage 1 – Early stage:
Annular erythema (50% of cases)
Eye rash (30% of cases)
Muscle and joint pain
Stage 2 – months later:
Stage 3 – years later:
Protection against Lyme disease.
With the knowledge that many insects and spiders can transmit the disease, but not all animals are carriers, it is obvious that it is difficult to protect themselves. There are a number of ways to prevent the stings and bites. This includes the following:
Light-colored clothes are visible ticks
Defense sprays against insects / spiders
Modern repellents offer when used properly as 12-hour protection against domestic and tropical mosquitoes and about 8 hours of protection against ticks and biting flies and are still mild, skin-friendly and pleasant to use.
If there is to bite or sting, this process must be stopped immediately. Apart from the tick, all other attacker can ward off a blow. Ticks are removed carefully with a tick remover or tweezers so they do not get stressed and expel the pathogen strengthened. Children should be carefully screened in the evening. Precautions after a bite or sting:
Watch bite / sting site to heal
Visit in the following disease doctor
In regions with higher risk families can live a stitch protocol. There, the stitches / tick bite and the affected family member be registered in order to facilitate a diagnosis. More and more doctors prefer for unclear symptoms Lyme disease into consideration and need assurance that the patient has ever been bitten or stung. Otherwise there is a risk that another disorder is overlooked.