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Nutrition in pregnancy not for two

Frequently expectant mothers myths like to hear “now you have to eat for two” or “every pregnancy costs a tooth”. In this case, these statements have quite a kernel of truth, because especially important now is the nutrient, as it is crucial for the development of the child and the health of the expectant mother.

Nutrition in pregnancyThe daily nutritional in pregnancy  needs of pregnant increases because both vitamins and minerals, trace elements and other nutrients play an important role in the development of the child. The energy requirement, however, is only from the second trimester of pregnancy increased by about 200 to 300 kcal per day, which is about one glass of milk and a slice of whole wheat bread. Therefore the amount is not critical, but the quality of the food. This should ensure a balanced and healthy diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables, but also includes fish, meat, eggs and cereal products expectant mothers. In addition, to help whole grains and other high fiber foods to avoid pregnancy-related blockages.

Important nutrients for mother and child.

Although care should be taken to a balanced diet not only during pregnancy, an adequate supply of certain vitamins, minerals and trace elements is just now crucial for the healthy development of the unborn child. Particular importance is attached to, for example, which belongs to the group of B vitamins folic acid, which is essential for cell division and the formation of the nervous system. Particularly rich in folic acid are green vegetables, legumes, and whole grains. Since folic acid is very sensitive should be avoided for long storage and cooking times. In general, we are in our time starved of folic acid, which may just lead in the early stages of pregnancy to serious developmental disorders.The intake of folic acid should already start planning a pregnancy and the first three months of pregnancy will be continued throughout. Equally essential to the physical and mental development of the baby, the supply of iodine, a trace element whose demand is difficult to be covered by the normal diet. In addition to specially enriched salt and marine fish so it is recommended by many gynecologists an additional supplement. In addition, however, the supply of calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, and various vitamins has a decisive influence on the development of the fetus and the health of the mother. As required for the development of the unborn child of its skeleton calcium, magnesium and vitamin D. Iron, however, is crucial for the formation of blood and hence oxygen supply of mother and child. However, can not be absorbed in sufficient amounts in the diet all the essential nutrients. So sometimes dietary supplements are similar to folic acid even in iodine and iron necessary, these should be taken only on medical advice.

Be careful with raw foods.

In addition to dietary recommendations, there are just some foods during pregnancy, the better should be avoided. These mainly include alcohol and excessive intake of caffeinated beverages. However, certain foods such as raw meat and meat products, raw milk cheese, raw eggs or raw fish should be avoided by pregnant women because it can cause dangerous infections with Listeria or Toxoplasma to the fetus.