Produces thyroid hormones insufficient, there is a sub-function – called in the jargon as hypothyroidism – before. The disease usually occurs between 20 and 40 years; Women are affected more often than men. About one percent of the population suffers from this metabolic disorder.
The thyroid gland, because of their shape often referred to as a “butterfly”, located directly in front of the trachea in the lower part of the neck. It provides controlled by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland in the brain the two hormones triiodothyronine and thyroxine forth, which are of great importance for several metabolic functions of the body. Essential for the production of iodine, which must be supplied through food; accordingly provides a relevant lack a possible cause for the sub-function is however most frequent trigger for the disease is (chronic) inflammation of the thyroid gland. These intact areas are destroyed and replaced by hormonally inactive connective tissue. In most cases, the underlying is an autoimmune disease called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. A congenital hypofunction is very rare, but can be detected and treated thanks to a now legally required screenings for newborns shortly after birth.
Signs and diagnosis.
Because the first symptoms are often non-specific nature, the disease is detected relatively late in many cases. Possible signs include fatigue, depression, increased freezing or unexplained weight gain. Also, hair loss, pallor, dry skin and constipation may occur against the backdrop of slowing metabolism. Other symptoms include hoarseness, coughing and compulsive cough. Suspected cases of sub-function, a blood test can provide valuable information. In addition, the institution is assessed by ultrasonography.
Treatment and supportive care.
If hypothyroidism is diagnosed, the specialist assigned directly to a drug treatment: The hormone deficiency is compensated by means of synthetically produced drugs. At the beginning of the therapy performed at regular intervals blood levels of the hormone status and to adjust the patient’s optimal; later investigations take place annually. While sufferers have mostly retained the tablets therapy for life, but they can lead a perfectly normal life with a correct dose. By eating algae and fish as well as the use of enriched salt any existing iodine deficiency is corrected. Natural history measures such as acupuncture and /or homeopathy can supplement conventional medical treatment sensible. Since thyroid problems are often called for a holistic approach in the same breath with stress and anxiety, an amendment of life itself offers more exercise, learning yoga or other relaxation methods as well as the reduction of stress can promote well-being.